Official United Kennel Club Breed Standard
Revised June 1, 2002
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Sighthounds & Pariah Dogs Group
©Copyright 1995, United Kennel Club, Inc.
The Sloughi is an ancient breed, developed in
North Africa as the hunting Sighthound of the Berbers, whose territory
included Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. Sloughis have been used to
hunt desert hare, desert fox, jackals, and gazelles, as well as ostrich,
wild boars and hyenas.
The first Sloughis arrived in Europe at
the end of the 19th century, often with soldiers who had been stationed
in North Africa and returned home with Sloughis. In 1935, the breed was
officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.
Because of the two World Wars, the breeding of Sloughis was interrupted
and it was not resumed until the late 1960s after the war in Algeria.
In 1973, Mr. and Mrs. C. Rodarty imported
the first Sloughi to the United States. Most American Sloughis are descended
from Sloughis of French, Dutch and German breeding, which in turn descend
from Sloughis imported from Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Algeria. A few
are direct imports from North Africa.
The Sloughi was recognized by the UKC in
The Sloughi is a medium-sized Sighthound, strong,
lean and very racy. Its smooth-coated and long-legged body shows defined
bony structure and lean muscles. Of squarish build, slightly higher than
long, featherlight when moving, the Sloughi has a long wedge-shaped head,
small drop ears, and a nearly straight topline from the base of the neck
to the loin, where it arches very slightly and blends into a bony, sloping
croup. The underline of the Sloughi is important to correct breed type.
The brisket is deep but does not reach the elbow. The long sternum forms
a straight line, parallel to the ground, which rises sharply into the tuckup.
The tail is long and carried low with an upward curve at the end. The attitude
is noble and somewhat aloof, and the expression of the large brown eyes
gentle and melancholy.
Dogs are typically taller and more substantial
than bitches, which should be smaller, more lightly built and feminine.
The Sloughi was treasured for its hunting
skills, speed, agility and endurance over long distances. For this reason,
it should give the general appearance of a short-coupled, well-balanced
animal with no exaggeration of length of body or limbs, muscle development,
nor curve of loin.
The Sloughi is an intelligent and very driven
hunter who chases on sight anything that moves, but also relies on olfactory
and acoustic cues to chase prey. This "chasing on sight" behavior enables
the Sloughi to be a competitive breed in non-commercial oval and straight
racing events, as well as in lure coursing. It can also compete in open
In Africa the Sloughi is an all-around
working dog, used for hunting, but also as a watch dog. For this reason
the Sloughi is typically cautious with strangers, avoiding physical contact,
but totally loyal, playful and affectionate with family. A Sloughi will
however adjust to strangers if properly introduced by its owner.
The Sloughi does not respond well to harsh
training. It does well, however, under a firm, consistent, fair and praising
Faults: Sharpness or shyness.
In profile the head is long and refined but rather
strong compared to other Sighthounds. Seen from above, it has the shape
of a long wedge, the skull being the widest part, tapering to the tip of
SKULL: Seen from the side, the top part of the
skull is flat. The skull is rather broad, measuring approximately 4.7”-5.5”
(12-14 cm) between the ears. The skull is distinctly rounded at the back
and curves harmoniously on the sides. The brows are scarcely projecting,
the frontal groove is hardly marked, the stop is barely pronounced, and
the occipital crest is barely visible.
Faults: Skull too heavy and broad, too narrow,
brows and stop too visible or insufficiently pronounced.
MUZZLE: The muzzle has the shape of an
elongated and moderately refined wedge and is roughly as long as the skull.
The bridge of the nose is straight from its root. The nose leather, not
being supported by the skeletal structure, bends slightly forward. The
lips are thin and supple, just covering the lower jaw. The corner must
be the least visible possible.
Faults: Muzzle too short, too long, too wide,
not in alignment with the top line of the skull, lips too strong and thick,
corner of the mouth drooping.
Very serious fault: Unpigmented areas on lips.
NOSE: Black and strong, not pinched.
Faults: Any color other than black.
Very serious fault: Unpigmented areas on nose.
TEETH: Complete scissor bite. Teeth healthy
and strong. Jaws strong and regular. Some Sloughis have additional pre-molars
Faults: Missing teeth, jaws too narrow.
Disqualifications: Overshot or undershot.
EYES: Large, dark, well set in their sockets,
oval to almond-shaped and set somewhat obliquely. The expression is gentle,
slightly sad and melancholy. The eye color is shades of dark brown to amber.
The eye rims are pigmented.
Faults: Eyes light amber, too small.
Very serious fault: Unpigmented areas on eyelids.
EARS: The ears of the Sloughi are set high
and drooping close to the head when the animal is at rest. The ears are
of medium size, triangular in shape and slightly rounded at the tips. In
movement or when the animal is nervous, the ears often fold backward.
Very serious faults: Ears too long, tips hanging
clearly below the lower jaw.
Disqualifications: Ears erect or with tips drooping
forward, or small and folding backwards in a "rose ear".
The neck is long and springs well up from the
shoulders. Its top line is slightly arched. The skin is fine, tight, with
no dewlap and the hair is very smooth.
Faults: Neck too short and thick, or too long
and thin, dewlap.
A properly proportioned Sloughi is squarish to
slightly higher than long. The following four lines drawn on the profile
of a Sloughi form a square: From the withers down the back side of the
front leg to the ground; from there to the front of the rear stifle; from
there upward past the point of buttocks to the height at the withers; and
from there, parallel to the ground, back to the withers.
The back is short, almost horizontal. In well-exercised
animals, the withers are barely apparent. The top line is almost straight
from the base of the neck, over the withers to the hips with a slight arch
over the loin. The loin is short, lean, wide and slightly arched. The croup
is bony and oblique with apparent hip bones.
The chest is not too wide. In depth, it
hardly reaches the level of the elbow. In many Sloughis, it is about half
an inch to an inch above the elbow. The body is well ribbed up. The ribs
are flat, close fitting to a long, straight sternum. The floating ribs
are more rounded. The under line first starts as a straight line (sternum)
then rises up smoothly to a well tucked up belly.
Faults: Croup too long, not bony enough, too
round; top line not horizontal, saddle-back, rounded back, back too long,
withers too apparent, chest not deep enough, too narrow or too wide, chest
reaching below the elbow, round ribs (barrel chest), not enough tuck, abrupt
Very serious faults: A dog whose body is clearly
longer than high or whose hip bones are clearly lower than the withers
lacks breed type and should not be considered for champion points.
The shoulders are long and oblique, the arms
are strong with good return of the upper arm. When properly angulated,
the elbow will be in a direct vertical line below the uppermost tip of
the shoulder blade. The shoulder blade and upper arm are of similar length.
The forelegs are straight, bony and muscular. The pasterns are slightly
sloping, supple and strong. The elbows are close to the body.
Faults: Shoulders and upper arm too straight,
pasterns too bent or too straight, legs not parallel to each other, toes
turned in or out.
The thigh is lean, flat and muscular. The second
thigh is long and well muscled. Hocks are strong and well bent. The rear
pasterns are strong and have no dewclaws. The hind-legs are moderately
angulated. The tendons are well chiseled.
Faults: Bulging round muscles, not enough or
too much angulation, legs not parallel to each other, toes turned in or
The feet are lean and have the shape of an elongated
oval. In many lightly-built Sloughis, the foot is shaped like a hare-foot.
The nails are black or just pigmented.
Faults: Feet flat, toes not tight, toes turned
in or out.
The tail is long, thin and set in line with the
croup, carried low with a typical upward curve in the resting position.
The tail should be long enough to reach the point of the hocks. When the
Sloughi trots, the tail should be carried below the horizontal line of
Faults: Tail too short, coarse, with too much
hair and too thick, badly carried.
The coat of the Sloughi is always smooth. It
is short, tight and fine all over the body. The Sloughi is presented in
natural condition and any tampering with its looks should be strongly discouraged.
Faults: Coat hard and coarse.
Disqualifications: Coat too long and feathering
on the tail and/or legs.
The coat colors of the Sloughi are all shades
of light sand (cream) to mahogany red fawn, with or without black markings
such as brindling, black mask, black ears, dark overlay and black mantle,
with no invasive white markings. The darkest coats are red black brindle
and red brindle with black mask and black mantle. A white patch on the
chest and a few white hairs at the tip of the toes, difficult to detect
on light coats, should be tolerated in otherwise outstanding specimens
with darker coats.
Faults: Large white patch on the chest.
Disqualifications: Color not in accordance with
the standard. Extensive white markings such as parti-color, white socks
and white blaze. Albinism.
HEIGHT AND WEIGHT
For mature males, height at the withers ranges
between 26.4"-28.3" (66-72 cm), with the ideal size being 27.6" (70 cm).
Weight ranges between 55 and 65 pounds. For mature females, height at the
withers ranges between 24"-26.7 " (61-68 cm), with the ideal size being
25.6" (65 cm). Weight ranges between 45 and 50 pounds.
The Sloughi has a smooth, featherlight, floating
and effortless gait, tail held low, head at a moderate angle to the body.
As a result of the squarish built and moderate angulations, there is no
exaggeration in extension. The front paw does not reach beyond the tip
of the nose. The racing style resembles that of the Greyhound but,
because of its straighter topline, the Sloughi cannot flex its back as
much as the Greyhound.
Faults: Hackney gait, gait restricted, uneven
and loose, not covering enough ground.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness
or extreme shyness. Overshot or undershot. Ears erect or with tips drooping
forward, or small and folding backwards in a "rose ear". Coat too long
and feathering on the tail and/or legs. Color not in accordance with the
standard. Extensive white markings such as parti-color, white socks and
white blaze. Albinism.