The Morphology of the
by Dr. Dominique de
© de Caprona
Sloughi* skull after
ago, the North African Sloughi was the subject of scientific
research. In his article entitled "Die Prähistorischen
("The Prehistoric Dogs"), published in 1901, T. Studer observed
that large Sighthounds used for hunting, such as the North African
and the Russian Borzoi, have a very much drawn out skull. He described
a cranial superstructure (sagittal crest) considerably heightened,
the forehead is low, the stop hardly or not at all pronounced. The part
of the skull in front of the first superior premolar is long, high and
narrow. The outer wall of the maxilla forms a right angle with the
nasals. Because of the elongated maxilla, the premolars are placed far
apart. In some cases, there are additional premolars.
in 1907, T. Noack in his article entitled "Wölfe,
Schakale, vorgeschichtliche und neuzeitliche Haushunde" ("Wolves,
prehistoric and recent Domestic Dogs) describes two Sloughi skulls
from Shtida and Boulawan in Morocco, as having the following
- A backward slope
- A weak development
the occipital crest.
- A shallow stop.
- The absence of a
crest, the parieto-frontal ridges remaining separate throughout.
comparison with the Borzoi, the Sloughi skulls are
shorter, wider between the orbits, and more robust and the olfactory
are better developped in the Sloughi, the nasals being vaulted as
indicated a good sense of smell, and
correlated with the known fact at the time that North African Sloughis,
although they are Sighthounds, can hunt by scent. In fact today's
owners admire the tracking ability of this breed.
Libyan Sloughi after
Tunisian Sloughi after Siber, 1899
Schakale, vorgeschichtliche und neuzeitliche Haushunde".
und Mensch in Libyen" Oehringen (Wurtt.)
Siber M (1899):
Hunde Afrikas", StGallen.
Prähistorischen Hunde". Abhand. Schweizer
* This information
in a book by H.Epstein entitled "The Origin of the Domestic Animals
of Africa", Africana Publishing Corporation, published in 1971.
mistake which is rampant in the publications in the English language is
made in this book also: the author refers to the North African
Therefore the word
is replaced here by the correct word "Sloughi", this documentation
about the North African Sighthound thus named.